UNESCO’s Major Sites of Ancient Civilizations

UNESCO's Major Sites

UNESCO has recognized several 메이저사이트of ancient civilizations as World Heritage Sites. These sites include the Indus Valley Civilization, Angkor Thom, and Angkor Wat. However, to make the most of your visit to these sites, it is important to know some basic facts about each site before planning your trip.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

The UNESCO World Heritage List contains the most important historical and cultural landmarks on earth. They range from prehistoric stones to Roman ruins to works of 20th-century architecture. These monuments are protected by UNESCO and are a must-see for anyone traveling to the world.

One of the most iconic UNESCO World Heritage Sites is the Taj Mahal, a mausoleum constructed by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. This magnificent ivory-white marble mausoleum was built between 1631 and 1632 and took 20,000 artisans and laborers 20 years to complete. Another major site is the Colosseum in Rome, an oval amphitheater dating from the first century BCE. Its original Latin name is AmphitheatricFL avium, and it is the largest amphitheater in the world.

Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization, or the Harappan Civilization, was one of the world’s earliest civilizations. This Bronze Age civilization spanned parts of India and Pakistan’s Indus Valley, and it developed a complex culture and writing system. Hinduism traces its roots to this ancient civilization.

The Indus civilization evolved from agricultural practices, and its early communities included two large cities and hundreds of towns and villages. These cities were each about the one-mile square, which suggests a centralized political organization. However, it is possible that a single great empire existed, with alternate capitals. For example, the city of Harappa may have succeeded Mohenjo-Daro, which had been destroyed by floods of extraordinary proportions.

Angkor Wat

One of the 메이저사이트of Angkor is the Angkor Wat temple complex. This magnificent structure was constructed over thirty years by approximately 300,000 people, including architects, masons, and sculptors. The temple is made entirely of stone and its intricate carvings are sure to leave an impression on your mind.

The temple is surrounded by an enormous enclosure wall that divides the sacred temple grounds from a protective moat. Inside, visitors will find three galleries and five stone towers, marking the central sanctuary.

Angkor Thom

Angkor Thom, which literally means “Great City,” was the capital of the ancient Khmer Empire and was the focal point of an enormous building program. It covers nine square kilometers and was constructed in the late 12th century and abandoned in the 16th century. The site includes several major temples, including the Bayon, Phimeanakas, and Baphuon. You can access these temples via Charles de Gaulle Road or by the South Gate.

Angkor Thom is a square-shaped city surrounded by an eight-meter-high laterite wall. The moat around the wall is about 100 meters wide. The walls of the city, which is surrounded by the moat, were constructed to symbolize oceans and continents.

Angkor Wat in Cambodia

While visiting Angkor Wat, you may feel overwhelmed by the massive complex of temples. In order to make the most of your visit, you should consider hiring a guide. A knowledgeable guide will cost you about $20 per day and will help you navigate the complex. You can also hire a tuk-tuk driver for a day. However, be aware of rogue drivers and avoid them as much as possible. You can also purchase a 3-day pass for Angkor Wat that allows you to visit the lesser-known temples.

Angkor Wat is divided into several levels, each of which is unique in its own way. The upper level consists of four massive towers that are separated by steps. The third level has a narrow-covered gallery. A central sanctuary rises 42 meters above the lower levels and is said to have held a sacred image. After Angkor was sacked in the fifteenth century, the central core was walled up.

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