Skin cancer has become the second most prevalent form of cancer that accounts for around 50% of all cancers in general. Melanoma, a form of cancer that originates in melanocytes — is responsible for less than 3 percent of all skin cancers and is, however, the most deadly and fatal type of skin cancer. So it becomes all the more important to get melanoma protection. Melanoma is believed to be the reason for 7650 deaths by 2022, of which more than 5000 of them were males and more than 2500 women. To get more click here or read this blog about this lethal form of cancer.
What is melanoma?
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that can develop on the skin, brain, or other organs. The most common form of melanoma is called melanoma in situ, which is located on the skin. Other types of melanoma include melanoma in situ and metastatic melanoma. If left untreated, melanoma can spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs and brain.
Type of melanoma
Melanoma tumors in the majority are brown or black. But, melanomas may be colored by skin color, pink, or even non-colorless. They can be seen anywhere on the body, but typically, they are located on the torso, the legs, the face and neck.
What can you do to determine whether you’re at a higher risk of developing Melanoma? Your risk of developing melanoma is determined by a number of factors, such as family history, the number of skin moles and fair skin tone. The history of sun exposure is also crucial as sunburns that blister during childhood can increase the risk of developing skin cancer however remember that cumulative exposure can be one of the factors. Darkly colored skin reduces your chance of getting melanoma but it’s not an assurance that you will not develop melanoma.
The first indication of melanoma may be changes in the size, shape or color of moles. However, melanoma may also show up within the body, as a brand new mole. So any skin spots which are either new or changing in shape, size, or color, should be examined. Be aware of the pattern of your freckles, moles and other skin marks so that you can easily observe any changes. Make sure you take a self-exam every month. The ABCD rule can be useful:
A is for Asymmetry: when the form of the mole isn’t an asymmetric shape.
B is for Border: The mole’s border is blurred, irregular or a notch.
C is for Color :The mole’s color isn’t consistent, and it can be found in different hues of brown black, or any other color.
D is for Diameter: The mole is greater than 6mm. This is an old mole that appears to have grown beyond its normal size.
However it is true that the ABCD rule isn’t always the case which is why every new growth or alteration in the shape of a mole or a sore that doesn’t heal must be examined at every stage. Sometimes , it’s hard to determine the distinction between a melanoma or an ordinary mole therefore, if you have any doubts visit your physician. Early detection remains the best way to fight skin cancer.